When a huge cosmic wave collides with a planet and emits an energy that causes it to emit a powerful gravitational wave, scientists are able to identify which particles have the right mass to be considered gravitational waves.
The process is known as gravitational lensing, and its effects on our universe have been studied extensively by cosmologists.
Now, scientists have discovered the first gravitational lensed object in the universe, a red dwarf in the constellation of Hydra.
The new discovery, made by a team led by Harvard astrophysicist John Szostak, was published online on Thursday in the journal Nature.
The team discovered the newly-discovered red dwarf, which was born when a huge explosion of gas and dust exploded, causing the star to be thrust out into space.
The star is about 5,000 light-years from Earth.
It is a relatively close cousin to our Sun, which is also red dwarf.
The discovery could shed light on some important aspects of the history of the Universe.
In particular, it could help scientists understand why some objects in the Universe seem to have gravitationally-attached stars, and why some are red dwarfs in the first place.
The red dwarf was initially spotted in 2016 by a NASA team, but the team wasn’t able to detect any more gravitational lens material until the discovery of another, much bigger, object, which they identified as Hydra.
But the team was still unable to see how much of this material was red dwarf.
In 2017, astronomers noticed something strange: an object that they called Hydra 1.2C had been orbiting its parent star for years.
This object was so small that its orbital period was almost exactly the same as the period of a supermassive black hole.
This allowed the astronomers to make a detailed study of the objects orbit around Hydra 1, and they concluded that Hydra 1C was not a supernova.
The fact that the object was not supernova was unexpected because the supermassive object would probably explode if it was near its parent.
“What we had seen up until then was that the orbit around the black hole would have a period that was close to a superlens phase,” said University of Michigan astronomer Alex J. Mokyr.
“We thought the orbit would be too small for a supermagnitude, so we would never have seen that before.”
However, when Mokyre and his team looked at the orbit of the newly discovered object, they found that Hydra had undergone a phase called a superphoton, where its orbit was shifted in time.
In this phase, the orbit takes on a gravitational force, which in this case was a gravitational lens, making the orbit appear to be drifting.
It was not possible to determine the amount of the gravitational lens effect because it wasn’t measured by the instrument on the Hubble Space Telescope.
In order to study the matter-antimatter interaction, the astronomers measured the mass of the object as it rotated around its parent, in order to estimate the amount it had lost.
The researchers also measured the distance between the object and the star it was orbiting, in case it was still orbiting.
They found that the mass loss was about 4% to 8%, and the mass gain was about 0.1%.
They also found that it was relatively hot, as the object had a temperature of 4 million degrees Celsius (10 million degrees Fahrenheit).
These findings have important implications for understanding the origins of dark matter, which makes up most of the mass in the early Universe.
The astronomers have identified several other red dwarf stars that are also undergoing a phase like this.
One of these is NGC 6052, which lies within the constellation Hydra, and is the nearest neighbor of Hydra to Earth.
NGC 6002 has an orbital period of about 7.3 years.
“Our work shows that the presence of this phase can be a marker of the formation of dark-matter objects,” said Mokmyr.
The next step for the researchers is to use the new findings to investigate whether these newly-found red dwarf objects form supernovae or simply decay into other objects.
“This work is an important step forward in understanding how the Universe came to be and where it is going in the future,” said Szostach.
“It shows that these kinds of events are possible, but it’s still a very, very early stage.”
The research was funded by NASA’s Cosmic Origins Program, and was conducted by University of Alabama at Birmingham astrophysicists, the Hubble Institute, the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, Berkeley, the National Science Foundation, and the National Research Council.
Follow us on Twitter at @ABCScience and @NatureNews and like us on Facebook.
This is a developing story.